Drug Testing

Policy development, implementation and managing.  At DDS, we only use the highest forensic quality drug testing.   MORE

Background Check

DDS is a leading provider of background check  solutions. We deliver valuable insights for better decisions and peace of mind. MORE

Criminal and Civil

DDS, Experts in Criminal and Civil Searches. Searches can be done on either the National Level or at the District Level. MORE

I-9 Compliance

DDS is a federally-approved Designated Agent of the Department of Homeland Security and the Social Security Administration.  MORE




Acquittal: The legal  and  formal  certification  of  the  innocence  of a person who has been charged with a crime; a deliverance   or setting free of a person from a charge of guilt; finding of  not guilt.
Adjudication : The ability to automate a judgment based on background screening   outcome.      This  judgment  often  results   in “meets  requirements”  or  “does not meet requirements” outcome.         Once  adjudication  takes  place  automatic distribution and/or adverse action can occur.
Adjudicated Guilty – Conviction: The defendant has been found guilty of the charges.
Adjudication Withheld – Non-conviction: The  court  does not give  a final judgment regarding the case.    The defendant is  given  probation, a program or community   service   in   which    they   have  a specified amount of time to  complete.  If the defendant  complies,       the   case    may   be  dismissed,      depending    on  the county/state.     If  they  do  not  dismiss  in that particular county / state, then the disposition remains adjudication withheld & the case is closed. However, if the defendant       is  found  in  violation,     the  case  disposition   may   be changed and the defendant can be found guilty.
Adulterated specimen: A   specimen   that   contains   a   substance  that  is  not expected  to  be  present  in  human  urine, or contains a substance     expected    to   be    present   but   is   at    a concentration   so  high   that  it  is  not   consistent   with human urine.
Applicant Tracking System (ATS): Any system,   whether  in   paper   or  software  form, that manages  both  an  organization’s  job  posting and data collection       (i.e.,   resume/applications)     process     to efficiently   match   prospective  candidates  to the proper positions.
ARD Program – Non-conviction: Mostly found in the state of Pennsylvania,  this stands for “Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition Program.    ” This program   is    given   to    the   defendant    in    place    of adjudication.     If  the defendant completes the program,    the case is closed.
Arraignment: Procedure  whereby  the  accused  is  brought before the court  to plead  to the  criminal  charge against him in the indictment of information.

Bail / Bon Forfeiture – Non-conviction: The  charges  against  the  defendant  are  dropped.  Not enough evidence to convict.
Blind specimen or blind performance test specimen: A specimen  submitted  to  a  laboratory for quality control testing  purposes,  with  a  fictitious  identifier,  so that the laboratory    cannot   distinguish  it   from   an     employee specimen.
Burglary: Is  the  unlawful  entering  of a premises with the intent to commit a crime.  A burglary does not involve violence.

Cancelled test: A drug  or  alcohol test  that has a problem identified that cannot be or has not been corrected, or which otherwise requires  to  be  cancelled.    A cancelled test is neither a positive nor a negative test.
Capias: The general name for several species of writs, common characteristic  of  which  is  that  they require the officer to take a named defendant into custody.
Chain of Custody: The  procedure  used  to  document  the  handling  of the urine  specimen  from  the  time  the  employee gives the specimen to  the  collector until the specimen is destroy-     ed.     This  procedure  uses  the  Federal  Drug   Testing Custody and Control Form (CCF).
Civil Case: Is  a  court  case  where  one  party  sues  another   party, usually   for   money   (damages).      Examples  are  auto accidents, forfeiture, seizures, eviction, divorces &  small claims actions.
Collection site: A  place   selected  by  the  employer  where   employees present  themselves  for the purpose of providing a urine specimen for a drug test.
Conditional Discharge – Non-conviction: The  defendant   has  no  finding  of  guilt.     The  court  is discharging  him/her from trial on special conditions that  they must follow. If they do not abide by these conditions,   the discharge may be revoked & the finding may become guilty.
Confirmation (or confirmatory) drug test: A  second  analytical   procedure  performed  on  a   urine specimen to identify & quantify the presence of a specific drug or drug metabolite.
Confirmation (or confirmatory) validity test: A second test performed on a  urine specimen  to further support a validity test result.
Confirmed drug test: A  confirmation  test  result  received  by  an  MRO from a laboratory.
Consent Decree – Conviction: This  is  found  in  New  Mexico.       It  is   designed  as a disposition  for  juvenile  cases  in  which  the defendant pleads guilty and is placed  on the decree / probation for     six months.
Consortium/ Third-party administrator (C/TPA): A   service  agent    that   provides   or    coordinates    the provision of a variety of drug and alcohol testing services      to employers.     C/TPAs  typically  perform administrative tasks  concerning t he operation  of  the  employers' drug  and alcohol testing programs.  This term includes, but is   not limited to,   groups of employers  who join together to administer, as a single entity,  the DOT drug and alcohol testing programs of its members.
Consumer Reporting Agency (CRA): A  bureau  that  gathers  and  provides information about individuals  such as if they pay their bills on time or have  filed bankruptcy - to creditors, employers, and landlords. Companies   that  perform   pre-employment   screening services are also considered CRAs and are governed by   the FCRA,   as  are  the  employers  that use background screening services.
Conviction: The result of a criminal trial which ends in a judgment or sentence that the accused is guilty as charged.
Cost-per-hire: A    common  measure   used  in  human   resources   to evaluate the average costs incurred in recruiting & hiring  new   employees.        Generally   the   equation   is   total recruitment  costs  divided  by  total number of new hires. Typical components  of  this  measure include relocation costs, advertising/job board fees, interviewing expenses, referral bonuses,  recruitment  staff compensation, skills assessment and pre-employment screening.
Criminal Cases: Is  a  court  case   where  a  person  is  alleged  to    have committed a criminal violation. 
Criminal Complaint: In criminal law,  a charge,   preferred before a magistrate having jurisdiction, that a person named, has committed       a  specific  offense,  with  an offer to prove the fact,  to the  end that a prosecution may be instituted.
Criminal Pleas: The  defendant's  response  to a criminal charge   (guilty,   not guilty, or nolo contendere).

Dead Docket – Non-conviction: Often   seen  in  Fulton,  Georgia,   there  is  not   enough evidence that shows the defendant is guilty  or that he is innocent. The case is set aside.    If not brought back up, case is closed.
Default Judgment: If  the   defendant   fails  to   provide   a   written    answer "disputing  the claim"   by mail   (or in person)   a default judgment may be entered against the defendant.
Defendant: The  party  against  whom  relief  or recovery is sought or    the accused in a criminal case.
Deferred Adjudication/Judgment – Non-conviction: The defendant has no finding of guilt.     The judgment is   set-aside for a deferred amount of time & the  defendant must comply with any conditions given to him / her.   The case can be dismissed depending on the  county / state        if the defendant completes all requirements.
Dilute specimen: A specimen with creatinine & specific gravity values that     are lower than expected for human urine.
Discovery: The  pre-trial  devices  that  can  be used by one party to obtain facts & information about the case from the other  party in order to assist the party's preparation for trial.
Dismissal: An order of judgment finally disposing of an action, suit, motion, etc., without trial of the issues involved.
Dismissal Without Prejudice: Term  meaning dismissal  without prejudice to the right        of the complainant  to sue again on  the same cause of action.
Dismissal With Prejudice: Term meaning an adjudication on the merits, and final disposition , barring  the  right  to  bring  or maintain an  action on the same claim or cause.
Disposition: The final settlement in a case.
Drug Glossary: For list of drugs see drug testing tab.

Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO): A  system  of  employment  practices  regulated  by the  EEOC  under  which  individuals are not excluded from       any participation, advancement, or benefits due to race, color,  religion,  sex,  national origin, or any other action      that can't  lawfully be the basis for employment actions.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC): The  federal  agency  responsible  for administration of several statutes that prohibit discrimination; has power         to subpoena witnesses, issue guidelines that have the   force   of   law,    render  decisions,    provide   technical assistance to employers, and provide legal assistance         to complainants.
eRecruiting: Recruiting methods that take place via the Internet.
Evidence: Any   species   of  proof,    or   probative  matter,    legally presented  at  the  trial  of  an  issue,   by  the  act  of  the parties and through  the medium of witnesses, records, documents, exhibits,  concrete objects,  for the purpose        of inducing  belief  in the  minds of the court or jury as to   their contention.
Extended Workforce: The  portion  of   a  company's   workforce   made  up  of temporary     employees,      vendor     employees     and   independent contractors.

Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA): FCRA is designed  to  protect  individuals,  by promoting accuracy, fairness, and privacy of information in the files       of every Consumer Reporting Agency.   Companies that perform    pre-employment   screening    services      are governed   by  the   FCRA, as are the employers that use background screening services.
Felony: One of  several grave crimes,  such as murder,  rape, or burglary,  punishable by a more stringent sentence than    that given for a misdemeanor.      A felony is a crime that carries a potential penalty of more than a year in prison.
Form I9: Federal  form  required  of  all  appointees  to  verify their   U.S. citizenship,   or if they are aliens,   their  eligibility for employment  in  accordance   with  the  Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1986.
Fugitive File – The case has not been to trial: Found in Virginia.    The  same  as  Returned Un-served below.

Guilty in Absentia – Conviction: The  jury  has  found  the  defendant  guilty  without them having appeared in court.

HR-XML: An    operating    language   established    by     voluntary members  of   the  human  resources   community   who agree to use common definitions to facilitate automated exchange of all  HR-related data between organizations. HireRight   is  a   founding    member   of   the     HR-XML Consortium.
Human Resource Management Systems (HRMS), aka Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS): Software-based  systems  that  manage  all  or  a part of    the    human     resources   function   of   an organization. Typical functionality includes employment demographics, benefits/compensation    management,   training,  payroll and reporting.

Ignored – Non-conviction: The case  never  went to trial.  It was ignored by the state.
Indictment A written accusation by a grand jury,  filed with a superior court,  which  charges  one  or  more defendants with the commission  of  one  or  more  offenses,  at  least one of which  is  a  crime,   and   which  serves   as  a  basis  for prosecution thereof.
Infraction: A minor violation which is not a criminal act.


Judge: Any judicial  officer  who  is a member of or constitutes a court,  whether  referred to in another provision of law as        a justice or by any other title.
Judgment: Is comprised of  conviction  and  the  sentence imposed thereon and is completed  by imposition and entry of the sentence.


Larceny: Encompasses any wrongful taking of property.

Management reports: Reports designed to reflect pre-screening report activity.      An example is a report that displays turnaround time for reports and types of reports ordered.      This is different   from   the   pre-employment    screening  report,    which displays information specific to the individual candidate.
Medical Review Officer (MRO): A  person  who  is  a  licensed  physician   and   who   is responsible for receiving & reviewing  laboratory results generated  by  an  employer's drug testing program and evaluating  medical  explanations  for  certain  drug  test results.
Misdemeanor: An  offense  less  serious  than  a felony.  Misdemeanor carries a prison term less than a year.
Misdemeanor Intervention Program – Non-conviction: A  program  designated only for misdemeanor offenses        in which the defendant may  comply to the conditions of      the program in order to avoid conviction.

No Papered – Non-conviction: The   paperwork  was  never  sent   to  the  court  by   the District Attorney and the case was never filed. Therefore,        it was never brought to trial.
Nolle Prosse – Non-conviction: Latin for  “Not Prosecuted.”   This  means  there was not enough evidence to convict the defendant.    The case is dropped.
Nolo Contendre – Conviction: Latin  for   “No Contest.”    The  defendant  has  pled   no contest to the charges against him  or her, therefore the  court finds them guilty.
Non-Adjudication of Guilt – Non-conviction: Same as adjudication withheld.

Other – Non-conviction: Defendant  is  given  special  provisions  for  one year to abide by since this is a first offense. If no further violation      of the same nature occurs, case is closed.

Plea: An allegation offered in pleading a case, a defendant's answer to the declaration made by the plaintiff in a civil action, the answer to the accused to a  criminal charge         or   indictment,   a   special  answer   defending  on   or demonstrating one or more reasons why a suit should        be  delayed,   dismissed,   or  barred  in  equity  law, an action or suit.
Prayer for Judgment – Non-conviction: Often  seen  in  North Carolina,  it  falls  under  deferred prosecution, meaning the state did not prosecute.   For example, with worthless checks it  gives the defendant           a chance to pay the check before being charged.
Pre-employment screening: Pre-employment    screening    services    can    include background     screening,        drug screening,       skills assessment and behavioral assessment.    A thorough background screen verifies important factual information about a prospective employee (i.e. identity, employment history, education credentials). It also helps gain critical information   about   an   applicant’s  character and past history  that  isn’t  always   apparent  in  an  interview   or application, such as criminal history, credit history,   and driving record.
Pre-Integrated: A term used for  integrated software  solutions that have been jointly developed,  built,  tested and proven prior to being released to the public.
Pre-Trial Intervention/Diversion – Non-conviction: A  program  the  defendant  is  placed  in  before going to  trial. If the defendant complies prior to trial time,   the trial   will  not  be  held for  the charge and the defendant is not convicted.
Primary specimen: In drug testing, the urine specimen bottle that is  opened  and tested by a first laboratory to  determine  whether the employee  has  a  drug  or  drug  metabolite  in his or her system;   and  for  the  purpose  of  validity  testing.     The primary    specimen   is   distinguished    from   the    split specimen, defined in this section.
Process Other – Non-conviction: Defendant  was  not  charged  on  this count due to being charged for another count.

Rejected – Non-conviction: The case never went to trial. The state rejected the hearing  of the case.
Replevin: An action for  the recovery  of an  item  that hasn't been paid for or been wrongfully taken.
Responsible – Non-conviction: The defendant  is  responsible  for the payment of the fines or fees of the crime.     They are not found in guilt, however, must  pay  what  they  are  ordered.     Often found on  traffic tickets or minor violation.
Returned Un-Served: Found in North Carolina. The case has not been to trial at this time. A warrant,  summons or  paper from  the district attorney’s  office  was issued  for delivery to the defendant    to appear for trial;   however,   the defendant  could  not  be located.     Therefore,   the   case   is  technically   pending; however, the paperwork was never served.
Robbery: Is a larceny accompanied by violence or threats, including     a finger under the jacket to indicate a gun.

Sentence: A  court  judgment,  especially  a  judicial  decision  of the punishment to be inflicted on one adjudged guilty.
Stipulated Dismissal: Is  an  agreement between the parties in a civil case.     If    the  agreement  is  not  followed,  the  plaintiff  can  file an affidavit  of  default wherein  the judgment can be entered without notice to the defendant.
Split specimen: In drug testing, a part of the urine specimen that is sent to     a  first  laboratory  and  retained  unopened,  and  which is transported  to  a  second  laboratory  in  the  event that the employee  requests  that  it  be  tested  following a verified positive   test   of   the   primary   specimen   or   a   verified adulterated or substituted test result.
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) encryption: A    protocol    designed    to    provide   secure   encrypted communication over the Internet.
SOL: Stricken  with  leave   (this is not an arrest record,  did not prosecute).
Stet Docket – Non-conviction: Will not prosecute at this time.    Eligible  to be re-opened    for  one  year  if  a  violation is committed during that time. After  the  one-year period  and  no  violations  have  been committed, it can't be  re-opened and  the case is closed.
Stricken Off Leave – Non-conviction: Often  seen  in  Illinois,  the  case  has  been  stricken  off docket  with   the   ability   to   reinstate   at   a   later date if deemed that the case can be prosecuted.      This is often because the prosecutors run out of time to prosecute.
Substituted specimen: A specimen with creatinine and specific gravity values that are so diminished that they are not consistent with human urine.

Theft: Is larceny without  a  threat or violence,   such as a picked pocket.      Many forms of white-collar financial crimes are variations  of  theft.   (examples:  fraud,  tax evasion,   auto theft)
Time-to-hire: A   common   measure   used   in   human   resources   to evaluate the average amount of time it takes to fill an open position. This is normally measured from the point the job request  is  submitted  by  the  hiring manager  to the point the new employee walks in the door.
Trial Examination of evidence & applicable law by a competent tribunal  to  determine  the  issue  of  specified charges or claims.

Verdict: The  announcement  by a jury in the  case of a jury trial, or    by the court in the case  of a non-jury trial,  of  its  decision upon  the  defendant's  guilt  or  innocence of the charges submitted to or considered by it.
Verified test: A drug  test  result   or  validity testing result from an HHS-certified laboratory that  has  undergone  review  and final determination by the MRO.
Violation: An offense less than a misdemeanor - speeding  or petty littering for example.

Waived – Conviction: Mainly found in the state of North Carolina.     This means  the  defendant  has  waived  his / her right to trial and has pled guilty to the charges.      In turn, the court accepts the plea of guilty.

XML: Short for Extensible Markup Language. XML is a language designed especially for Web documents.      It enables the definition,  transmission, validation,  and  interpretation  of data between applications and between organizations.